Sunday, April 07, 2013

The first 10 amendments had ALREADY been totally "incorporated" on December 15, 1791....

"Congress of the United States;

"Begun and held at the City of New York, on Wednesday, the 4th of March, 1789.

"The conventions of a number of the states having, at the time of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added; and as extending the ground of public confidence in the government will best insure the beneficent ends of its institution;--

"Resolved, by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, two thirds of both houses concurring, that the following articles be proposed to the legislatures of the several states, as amendments to the Constitution of the United States, all or any of which articles, when ratified by three fourths of the said legislatures, to be valid, to all intents and purposes, as part of the said Constitution, namely,-- . . ."

"Art. IV.[Later abridged to II. - Ed. by EDQ]  (The following breakdown of Amendment II by clauses is not contained in the original document - Ed. by EDQ).

"Declaratory" clause:

"A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state,


the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.


Speaker of the House of Representatives.

JOHN ADAMS, Vice-President of the United States,

and President of the Senate. 

Attest. John Beckley,

Clerk of the House of Representatives.

Samuel A. Otis, Secretary of the Senate.

Which, being transmitted to the several state legislatures, were decided upon by them, according to the following returns:--

By the State of New Hampshire.--Agreed to the whole of the said amendments, except the 2d article.

By the State of New York.--Agreed to the whole of the said amendments, except the 2d article.

By the State of Pennsylvania.--Agreed to the 3d, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th articles of the said amendments.

By the State of Delaware.--Agreed to the whole of the said amendments, except the 1st article.

By the State of Maryland.--Agreed to the whole of the said twelve amendments.

By the State of South Carolina.--Agreed to the whole said twelve amendments.

By the State of North Carolina.--Agreed to the whole of the said twelve amendments.

By the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.--Agreed to the whole of the said twelve articles.

By the State of New Jersey.--Agreed to the whole of the said amendments, except the second article.

By the State of Virginia.--Agreed to the whole of the said twelve articles.

No returns were made by the states of Massachusetts, Connecticut, Georgia, and Kentucky.

The amendments thus proposed became a part of the Constitution, the first and second of them excepted, which were not ratified by a sufficient number of the state legislatures.

Article VI - This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding.--U.S. Constituion

"The Senators and Representatives, and the members of the several State legislatures, and all executive and judicial officers, both of the United States and the several States, shall be bound by oath or affirmation to support this Constitution.''It has been asked why it was thought necessary, that the State magistracy should be bound to support the federal Constitution, and unnecessary that a like oath should be imposed on the officers of the United States, in favor of the State constitutions. Several reasons might be assigned for the distinction. I content myself with one, which is obvious and conclusive. The members of the federal government will have no agency in carrying the State constitutions into effect. The members and officers of the State governments, on the contrary, will have an essential agency in giving effect to the federal Constitution."

- James Madison, Federalist No. 44, New York Packet, Friday, January 25, 1788.

There is NO VALID "incorporation doctrine". The U.S. Supreme Court has been LYING to We The People. By playing with our PREEXISTING Rights for over 200 years. The court is actually full of the willfully ignorant, or outright deliberate, TRAITORS.

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