Thursday, June 06, 2013

"that they are endowed with Certain unalienable rights"


    "We hold these truths to be self-evident:—that all men are created equal, that they are endowed with Certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these rights governments are instituted among men deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed; that when any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it, and to institute new governments, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness."— Declaration of Independence.
    The privilege of the writ of Habeus Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it.—No bill of attainder or expost facto law shall be passed.—Constitution Article 159.
    The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury.—Ib. Art. 3. Sec. 3.
The citizens of each State, shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several States.—lb. Art 4. Sec. 2.
    Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or, abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assembly, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances. The right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches - and seizures, shall not be violated. No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the [militia, when in actual. service; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb: nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty or property, without due process of law: nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.—In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the state and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favour; and to have the assistance of counsel for his defence.—In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall he preserved.—Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
    The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.—Amend, to Const.

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